Piracy is a robbery, or criminal act of violence by attackers, for the purpose of stealing valuable cargo carried by ship or boat, or property from coastal area. Those who commit acts of piracy are called pirate, and the ships used by them are called pirate ships.
The earliest documented examples of piracy were in the 14th century BC, when a group of ocean raiders, the Sea Peoples, attacked the ships of the Aegean and Mediterranean civilizations. It is the abuse of the Sea Peoples that threaten the ships sailing in the Aegean and Mediterranean waters.
In the pre-classical era, the ancient Greeks regarded piracy as a viable profession; It was apparently widespread and “seen as a completely honorable way to make a living”. Many texts of Homer, including the Iliad and Odyssey, refer to its completely normal formation. In the era of classical Greece, and generally speaking, piracy was seen as a “shame” to be had as a profession. In classical antiquity, the Phoenicians, Illyrians, and Tyrrhens were known as pirates.
Although it is seen as an unlawful structure or action, it cannot be a decision and implementation method that every person will make by using personal preference and investment opportunities. In other words, it is not possible for them to be in an action against other or all countries of the world, to do whatever they think, to gain personal benefit from the asset that does not belong to them. The piracy establishment occasionally worked temporarily until it abuses international interests and law by a structure that had the support of one or a few countries throughout history and was even licensed. In this period, of course, the lion’s share belongs to those who condone this lawlessness. The most striking example is human trafficking, that is slavery. However, these structures, which lost control over time and were prone to illegal actions, were either destroyed with a tragic end, either by the forces that initially enabled them to form, supported themselves, or by opposing forces. Harmful organisms either learn to live in the body as much as they are allowed to, or excreted from the body, or cause death. Death is the last thing that states have in mind, and they don’t allow it.
Narrow channels that steered the ship on predictable routes have long created opportunities for piracy, privatization, and trade raids. Historical examples include the waters of Gibraltar, the Strait of Malacca, Madagascar, the Gulf of Aden, and the English Channel, whose geographic structures allow pirate attacks. In accordance with a land-based parallel, it could be said similar to passenger ambushed by bandits on highways and mountain passages.
In Privateering uses methods similar to piracy, but the captain acts with the permission of the state ordering commercial intervention to an enemy nation. This authority makes him a legitimate non-state actor and action kind a war.
The term piracy, refers to naval piracy in the air, on land (especially across national borders or in connection with seizing and robbing a car or train) or other large bodies of water or in cyberspace on a shore. It does not normally include crimes against persons traveling on the same ship as the perpetrator (for example, a passenger stealing from others on the same ship). Piracy is the name of a specific crime under customary international law. Even into the early 21st century, sea piracy against vessels remain a major problem and caused an estimated US $ 16 billion in losses worldwide in 2004. Especially in the waters between the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, the Somali Coast, as well as the Malaka Strait and Singapore.
Today, trained pirates armed with conventional weapons use special equipment and small, powerful motor boats to attack and climb over ships, taking advantage of the small number of crew members on modern cargo and transport ships. They also use larger vessels known as motherships to feed these small boats, to supply their needs. As these attacks often occur in international waters, the international community faces many challenges in bringing arrested modern pirates to justice. Some countries are getting support from naval forces to protect private ships from pirate attacks and to track their actions. Some specialized ships use armed security guards, high pressure water cannons or real cannons to repel pirate attacks, and technological equipment necessary to avoid potential threats.
Safety of Seas
Marime safety is a general umbrella term for classifying problems in the maritime field related to maritime security, national security, marine environment security, economic development and human security. This term includes the world’s oceans, regional seas, territorial waters, rivers and ports. The definition of the term maritime safety varies, and although there is no internationally accepted definition, this term has often been used to describe both existing and new regional and international risks to the maritime field.
Maritime safety has been a concern for nation states throughout history. Concerns about pillages and attacks on spoils, especially on port facilities, have fueled security interest in the maritime field. This phenomenon has been developing since the early 2000s when it led to the creation of the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code.
Since then, many governments and international organizations have outlined their maritime safety strategies. Piracy has triggered the recognition of the harmful effects of maritime insecurity on economic development, human security and the environment, particularly in Southeast Asia, the Somali coast and West Africa.
Maritime security is often transnational and goes beyond its maritime area. It is characterized as field of cross jurisdiction and / or high jurisdiction complex.